In our glossary you will find all the important terms relating to transport. Get informed now!


  • ADR

    ADR = Accord européen sur le transport de marchandises Dangereuses sur Route

    This is an international convention for the transport of dangerous goods by road.
  • AÖSp

    AÖSp = Allgemeine Österreichische Spediteursbedingungen (General Austrian Forwarders' Terms and Conditions )

    The scope of application of the General Austrian Forwarder's terms and conditions is according to agreement. Amongst other things they govern the legal relationship between the principle and the forwarder as well as the liability of the forwarder.


  • CMR

    CMR = Convention relative au contrat de transport internationale de Marchandises par Route

    The CMR is the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road. The provisions of the CMR are mandatory between all contracting states in cross-border road transport.
  • Code of Conduct

    A "Code of Conduct" is a set of rules outlining suitable behaviour in different situations and contexts, which companies generally voluntarily agree to comply to.
    The WALTER GROUP has developed its own Code of Conduct, which serves as a guide for the decisions and business practices of our employees and executives.

    Code of Conduct (PDF)

  • Coefficient of friction µ (Mu)

    When a load is on a trailer floor, friction is generated between the load and the trailer floor, which is expressed by the coefficient of friction. This is used to calculate the slip of the load and the required number of tensioning straps.
  • Coil carrier

    Rolls of sheet metal are also referred to as coils. In order to be able to safely load these coils (rolls that can weigh several tonnes) either suitable packaging (rack) or a trailer with a coil well is required.
    The well is a coverable recess in the floor of the trailer, approx. 5 to 8.5m in length. If the coil well is covered, any other goods can be loaded on these vehicles.

    Trailer fleet of LKW WALTER

  • Combined load securing

    With combined load securing, elements of form-fit and force-fit load securing are combined. The load is, for example, loaded to the front wall and lashed down with form-fit and force-fit tensioning straps. In practice, this method of load securing is very frequently used.
  • Combined Transport

    With combined transport, different modes of transport such as trucks, trains and ships are optimally combined to handle transport as environmentally-friendly and cost-efficiently as possible.

    • Rail/Short-Sea for the majority part of the journey (environmentally-friendly transport solution)
    • Trucks for the feeder services (flexible collection and delivery)

    Combined Transport


    CONNECT is our online portal for customers through which orders can be conveniently processed at the click of a mouse. Other features: current order overview and provision of useful additional information: Demo



  • EN 12642 XL

    EN 12642 XL is a load securing term. This is the European standard for reinforced vehicle bodies. XL bodies correspond to this standard. The entire trailer fleet for combined transport at LKW WALTER has the standard EN 12642 XL.
  • EURO classes (2, 3, 4, 5, 6)

    EURO 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 stand for the different engine classes of quiet and low-emission trucks.
    LKW WALTER increasingly employs transport partners with environmentally-friendly equipment of EURO class 4 or higher.


  • Force-fit

    Force-fit is a type of load securing.

    With "force-fit" load securing, lashing the goods down increases the weight force of the goods, thus achieving a better load securing.

    This is achieved e.g. by lashing with tensioning straps.

  • Form-fit

    Form-fit is a type of load securing.

    With "form-fit" load securing, the goods are loaded perpendicular to the boundary of the loading hold (front wall, side panel, stakes, etc.) without gaps between the loads.
    Form-fit loading, in combination with XL trailers, is considered a particularly efficient method of securing loads.

  • Freight exchange platform

    In a freight exchange platform loads and transports are traded (usually online) between suppliers of freight and suppliers of cargo space.
  • FTL

    FTL is the English abbreviation for 'Full Truck Load'.
  • Full truck load

    A full truck load is a load which is generally intended for a single recipient.
    The international abbreviation for it is "FTL" - Full Truck load.


  • GREEN transport

    'GREEN transport' is an LKW WALTER brand which encompasses all our activities for reducing the polluting emissions of our transports.

    GREEN transport

  • GZA

    GZA = Grundlagen der Zusammenarbeit (Guidelines for Cooperation)
    They are the basis for future partnerships with our transport partners.


  • Incoterms

    Incoterms (International Commercial Terms) are standardised international commercial clauses. They are prepared and published by the International Chamber of Commerce (current version: Incoterms 2010). The parties (vendor, buyer) of a commercial transaction may agree upon a clause of these Incoterms. With the help of Incoterms, the fundamental vendor and buyer obligations, particularly the transfer of risk and costs of a delivery, are regulated between the commercial partners.


  • ISO

    ISO = "International Organization for Standardization"

    LKW WALTER has been quality-certified according to ISO 9001:2008 since 1992 and environmentally-certified according to ISO 14001:2004 since 2016.

    ISO certificate (PDF)



    LOADS TODAY, Europe's leading full truck load exchange, is an internet platform from LKW WALTER for transport partners.
    A major advantage of LOADS TODAY is that transport partners from LKW WALTER only find full truck loads that are commissioned and paid by LKW WALTER in LOADS TODAY.


  • LTL

    LTL is the English abbreviation for 'Less than Truck Load'.



  • PPE

    PPE = Personal Protective Equipment

    The following signs stipulate the constant use of personal protective equipment: protective helmet (EN 397), safety glasses (EN 166/EN 166-3), ear protection (EN 352), full length clothing, high visibility vest (EN 471), work gloves (EN 388) and safety shoes with steel toe caps (EN 20345 S1).

    Personal protective equipment (PPE) video clip


  • Round trip model

    In the round trip model, our hauliers are constantly travelling between two countries in round trips (e.g. Germany - France - Germany).


  • SHEQ

    SHEQ = Safety, Security, Health, Environment, Quality

    In 2005, LKW WALTER consolidated the fields of safety/health, environment and quality. In 2008, the Security Management was installed. Since then, these topics have been merged under the term SHEQ.


  • Short Sea Shipping

    Short sea shipping refers to the transport of goods at sea within a continent. For LKW WALTER it is one of the possible transport options in combined transport.
  • SQAS

    SQAS = Safety & Quality Assessment System

    The SQAS assessment is a system that was developed by CEFIC, the 'European Chemical Industry Council'.
    The assessment must be renewed every 3 years and serves as a tool to qualify quality, safety (personnel and property protection), environmental behaviour and CSR measures from transport and logistic companies in a uniform form.
    LKW WALTER was first assessed according to SQAS in 1995.
  • Straps

    Straps are used to fasten and secure the goods.
    In principle, a distinction is made between straps with short lever ratchets (approx. 350 daN tensioning force) and straps with long lever ratchets (approx. 500 daN tensioning force).


  • Trailer Trucking

    Under the term trailer trucking we refer to the carrying out of feeder services in Combined Transport, i.e. traction of LKW WALTER trailers from the loading point to the terminal/harbour or from the terminal/harbour to the unloading point.


  • WAB

    WAB = Wechselaufbau (Swap body)

    Swap bodies are mainly used in combined rail/road transport.
    Our in-house fleet of swap bodies fulfil the increased load securing requirements and are tested in accordance with EN 12642 XL. At present, we have more than 200 units in use.

    Trailer fleet of LKW WALTER


  • XL trailer

    In contrast with standard trailers, XL trailers have several characteristics that further support load securing - e.g. reinforced front wall, 4 door locks, reinforced curtain, at least 32 side slats, stronger structure and reinforced side panels.

    Our own trailer fleet consists exclusively of XL trailers.

    See also EN 12642 XL.

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